To Every Computer system, there is an operating system. There are various operating system out there but the most popular of them are:
- Mac Os
What is Linux?
Operating systems like Mac Os and Windows 7, 8 and 10, Linux is also an operating system. To manage all the hardware of a computer system either it’s a desktop or a laptop, it requires a software to run it, and with all these software collaborations it becomes an operating system.
Why use Linux?
The one question that people asks the most, why would they like to learn a whole new operating system, when they can simply use the one that is being used in the most of the desktops, laptops, and servers that works just fine? Here I would like to ask them a question that, does the operating system which they are using really work just fine? Isn’t it that you are frequently engaging with viruses, malware, system lagging, crashes, expensive repair, and license registration fee? I have listed some advantages that a Linux User can have over the user that uses other Operating systems:
Portability: The Linux operating system is portable which means that it can be installed on different computer systems. Linux kernel and its application programs can be installed in any type of hardware platform.
Open Source: Linux source code is available online for free, which is also a community-based development project. Its continuous evolvement tells that the Linux operating system is in collaboration with multiple teams that works for enhancing its capability.
Multi-User: It is a Multi-User operating system where multiple people can manipulate its system resources simultaneously like Ram, memory, application programs which will not affect each other stuff like files, apps, accounts settings, preferences, etc.
Multiprogramming: Linux is a Multiprogramming operating systems which means that it can load and run multiple applications simultaneously.
Hierarchical File System: To arrange the files in the operating system Linux provide a standard file structure which defines the directory structure and directory content called File Hierarchy Structure.
Shell: It is Linux command interpreter in which the user executes the commands for the interactive user interface with an operating system. The shell can be used to do a different type of operation like opening up a particular application program etc.
Security: Linux provides strong security to its user with authentication features like password protection, encryption of data, protecting from virus and malware attack, controlled access to specific files.
What is Linux Distributions?
Linux has a significant number of the operating system known as Linux Distribution and also abbreviated as a distro. This is a collection of Linux Kernel and package management system software. It is available for a wide variety of ranges offering with accordance to the need of the user. The most used and popular distro are:
- Ubuntu Linux
- Linux Mint
- Arch Linux
Every distribution listed above has a unique look on the desktop. Some of them have a modern user interface like Windows. For server Machines, Linux has some flavors which are listed below:
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux
- Ubuntu Server
- SUSE Enterprise Linux
The above-listed server distribution like Red Hat Enterprise Linux and SUSE Enterprise Linux have an associated price and also includes the Linux support whereas, the server distribution like Ubuntu server and CentOS are free of cost.
Which distribution is best for you?
For using a Linux it is the most difficult thing for the user to choose which distribution is the best. It totally depends upon the technical skill of the user for picking a right distribution that will fit around his need.
- Server or Desktop: If you’re preferring to use a Server than look for a compatible version of the software distribution that you are about to install which also has a support and general reliability. And if you are preferring desktop then look for the distribution that provides a functional yet pleasing user interface.
- Beginner vs. Advanced: For Beginner Linux Mint and the Ubuntu are the most user-friendly distribution. They just work when you install it in your systems but doesn’t present the user with a lot of choices. On the contrary, the user can install Gentoo and Arch Linux like Manjaro but it’s all about the user’s The user can do whatever they want to after installing it on their system, for example, breaking it into new and creative ways.
In the End, it’s all about the choice that user has to make according to his personal interest and technical needs. I would suggest you to go through each of the specifications of the distribution and then choose it as per your requirement and technical knowledge that makes you agree upon.