In this tutorial, I will guide you on how to install Ubuntu in Windows 10 using VirtualBox machine. Using VirtualBox Machine is more secure if you want to use Ubuntu just as a desktop operating system rather than dual booting your system which might cause your system to corrupt.
So before I start with the guide, there are some important requirements that you should preserve. These requirements are listed below.
- Internet connection throughout the process.
- Minimum of 3 GB Ram installed on your laptop.
- Minimum of 20 GB space for Ubuntu Installation.
- VirtualBox Installed in your Windows 10 if not Please go through How to install VirtualBox in Windows 10 by OSStuff.
Check which bit operating system you’re running on your processor. To check simply follow steps shown below.
Right click on the Windows Start Menu icon as highlighted above.
Now from the list of options select System Options as shown above.
Under the Device specifications, next to system type you can see the type of operating system running on your Laptop’s processor. In my case, I am running 32-bit operating system (Windows 10) on a 64-bit processor.
Now download the specific Ubuntu from its Website, you can download it by clicking here. If you are not using 64-bit Windows you can follow these steps below.
The link will direct you to the website shown below.
Click on the alternative downloads under the Download button as highlighted above.
You’ll be redirected to the alternative download page. Now, scroll down till you find Bit Torrent Downloads as shown above. Under Ubuntu 16.04.5 LTS select the desktop version of 32-bit as highlighted above. This will download a file which you can open up and download through bit torrent application.
After Installing the Oracle VirtualBox and downloading the right version of Linux Ubuntu, you can now follow the steps below.
Step 1: Open VirtualBox Application
After opening up the VirtualBox Application you can see a VirtualBox Manager window as shown above.
Step 2: Create a new Virtual Machine
Click on the New Icon as highlighted above.
Now, you can see a Create Virtual Machine dialog box will pop up as shown above. Type in a descriptive name for your virtual machine and then dropdown to choose Type as Linux and Version as according to your Ubuntu version, in my case I have downloaded 32-bit Ubuntu so I selected the version accordingly.
Now click Next button to proceed.
Now, drag to select the memory size you want to allot it to your virtual machine to run Ubuntu. I have left it unchanged to the recommended memory size as shown above. You can drag till 4 GB if you have 8 GB RAM installed on your laptop.
Now, click next to proceed.
In Hard disk dialog box select the Create a virtual hard disk now radio button as shown above and then click on the Create button to proceed.
In Hard disk file type select the default VDI (Virtual Disk Image) option as shown above. Click on the Next button to proceed.
In Storage on physical hard disk, select the Dynamically allocated option as highlighted above. Dynamically allocation will use only the required space of your laptop’s physical hard disk whereas the Fixed size will be static allocation by the user at the time of allocating and will not exceed the usage of the physical hard disk.
Now in File location and size you can select the drive folder, where you want your virtual hard disk file to be created in, I have left it as a default and below that you can allocate the size of Virtual hard disk, 8 GB is the least recommended, I have selected 20 GB, select your desired size and then click on Create button to proceed.
Step 3: Add Ubuntu on created Virtual Machine
As you can see you Virtual Machine is now has been created as shown above.
Now, click on the Settings icon button as highlighted above.
Inside settings, you can see a navigation pane on the left side of the settings window, on the navigation pane select the Storage option as highlighted above.
In Storage option click on the Empty in Controller: IDE under Storage tree as shown above.
Now, under Attributes, next to the optical drive option click on the optical drive icon as shown above.
After a menu pops up click on the Choose Virtual Optical Disk File… as shown above.
Now, select the downloaded Ubuntu iso file as shown above and click on the Open button.
As you can see under Controller: IDE you have selected the Ubuntu iso file as highlighted above, now, click on the OK button to proceed.
Step 4: Installing the Ubuntu
Back to the VirtualBox Manager window, click on the Start icon button as shown above.
Now this will open up the Ubuntu Virtual Machine, wait until the loading is complete.
When the Ubuntu setup is loaded, click on the desired language from the left navigation pane as highlighted above. Now click on the Install Ubuntu button as shown above.
In Preparing to install Ubuntu window, check mark to enable the Download updates while installing Ubuntu as shown highlighted above, now, click on the Continue button to proceed.
In Installation type window, check mark to enable Erase disk and install Ubuntu option, don’t worry it won’t delete anything from your PC.
Now click on Install Now option to proceed.
Now to the confirmation message, Just click continue to proceed.
Now select the location by typing in the input field as shown above and select from the list of options that best suits you.
In the Keyboard Layout, you can leave the default and click the Continue button as shown above or you can click on Detect Keyboard Layout option and follow the instructions.
Now fill the required fields and make sure you have check marked the Require my password to log in option, now click on Continue button to proceed.
Now Ubuntu Installation will begin, be patient as it might take some time to complete the installation process, meanwhile you can navigate by clicking on the arrow located at the right of the Welcome to Ubuntu window to find new things about Ubuntu as shown above.
After the installation process is complete, you will be asked to Restart the computer, click on the Restart Now button. Don’t worry this won’t restart your computer but actually will restart your VirtualBox Machine.
This will restart and show you the screen showing Ubuntu loading as shown above.
Now click on the Machine option from the menu bar as highlighted above.
Now select the Settings options as shown above. In settings, under Storage options check if the Controller: IDE shows as Empty, if yes then click ok which will take you back to the screen above now press Enter from your keyboard.
This will reboot your Ubuntu.
After a successful reboot, you will see a login window as shown above. Type in the password you set earlier while setting up the Ubuntu installation.
Congratulation! Now you have successfully installed Ubuntu in your Windows 10 using the VirtualBox Machine.