close

General

GeneralLatest How toWeb

How to enable and use Fortnite’s 2FA (two-factor authentication)

Enable and use Fortnite 2FA

As interest for the online gaming is on the horizon, online gaming companies have maintained an up to par and professional environment for the gamers. Whether you are a 6-year-old or at 60, everyone seems to be indulged in this online gaming triumph. One of these online games that taking over the world like a virus infects a layperson’s computer is “Fortnite”. Yes, Fortnite is ruling the charts and increasing gamer’s interest day by day.

Fortnite is a free online battle royal game that is developed by Epic Games Company.  But not everything in this auspicious game is free as the company should also deserve something for their hard work. Fortnite allows the user to customise the heroes that make them unique from other players and this customization comes in the form of items, skins, attires, gliders, pickaxes, and much more. This customization takes V-bucks, which is your virtual money convert from real money, so you have to buy V-bucks in order to make your player look different.

What if all these V-buck bought and all them unlocks you made suddenly disappear or leaving you stranded by not accessing into your own account? Yes, there are so many scammers and hackers out there who are prying just to get into your account. Well, this can happen to anyone who hasn’t used Fortnite 2FA (two-factor authentication) facility on its user account. Fortnite 2FA doesn’t just secure your account from these unscrupulous people but also unlock a free boogie down emote dance for you. Fortnite hasn’t aware its previous users and not guided how to do it, so here is the guide which will tell you how to enable and use Fortnite 2FA.

Enable Fortnite Two-Factor Authentication.

Enabling Fortnite’s 2FA is an easy process as it helps you secure and protects your account using various methods. Each method used in Fortnite 2FA allows you to access your Fortnite account after you type in the right security code provided to you. To check what methods it has to offer you have to go to the Fortnite 2FA page, just click on the link and you’ll be directed to the official site page.

enable and use Fortnite 2FA

After clicking on the link given above, if you are not signed in to your Fortnite’s account, then you will be asked to sign in to your Fortnite account as shown above. Simply type in your username and password and click on the SINGIN button.

enable and use Fortnite 2FA

After successful SIGN-IN to your account, you will be automatically directed to the Two-Factor Authentication section inside the Password & Security section as shown above. Here under TWO-FACTOR AUTHENTICATION section see 2 methods from which you can use the Fortnite’s 2FA. Bear in mind that you can only choose one of the methods at a time in order to use 2FA. So let me walk you through both methods and how to enable them, but make sure that you have a verified email address in order to enable the authentication methods.

Method 1: Enable Fortnite 2FA through Authentication App

In order to use Fortnite Two-Factor Authentication using Authentication App then you have to download one of these apps. You can download the Google Authenticator app on your device in order to enable Authentication App. After installing the Authenticator app on your device from your browser, click on the Enable Authenticator App button. Now, you can see an Enable Authenticator App dialog box pop-up as shown below.

enable and use Fortnite 2FA

In the Enable Authenticator App dialog box, you can see three easy steps to enable 2FA on your Fortnite account.

  1. The first steps tell you to download an Authenticator app which you have already done.
  2. In the second step, you have to open up the Authenticator app on your device as shown below. Now, under the Add, an account section, tap on the Scan a barcode option as shown below.

enable and use Fortnite 2FA

Now you have to place the barcode on Enable Authenticator App dialog box in the middle of the red line square on your mobile camera in order to authenticate.

enable and use Fortnite 2FA

After successful bar code reading the Google authenticator will identify that it is a Fortnite user account and will direct you to a page on your phone where you can see a generated code as shown below. Each generated code will be refreshed after a while so make sure you do it within the given time. Simply click on the Add account button.

enable and use Fortnite 2FA

  1. Now type in the shown code under the Security Code text field of the SIGN-IN WITH YOUR SECURITY CODE section. Now click on the Activate button.

After activating through security code you will see a dialog box showing that Authenticator App has been enabled. You can generate back up codes in case you lose access to the Authenticator app, this allows you to use one of the codes to access your account. You can leave this option by clicking on the cross button or you can proceed to do so by clicking on the Generate Codes button as shown below.

enable and use Fortnite 2FA

After clicking on the Generate Codes button you will be directed to the Backup Codes dialog box as shown below. Under the Codes section, you can see a series of codes that you can use when the security code is required for the Fortnite 2FA. You can simply download Code and keep it safe by clicking on the Download Codes button or if you want to refresh codes then click on the Generate New Codes option and then download codes.

enable and use Fortnite 2FA

That’s it for enabling Fortnite 2FA through Authenticator App, you’re good to go.

Method 2: Enabling Fortnite 2FA through Email Authentication

Enabling Fortnite 2FA through email authentication will allow Fortnite to provide you the security code on the Email associated with them. So whenever you SignIn your Fortnite account, a security code will be sent to your Email which you have to type in to access the account. In order to Enable Email authentication, follow the steps below.

Click on the Enable Email Authentication button from the Two-Factor Authentication section in the Password & Security settings. Now you will see an Enable Email Authentication dialog box as shown below. From the dialog box, you have to type in the security code that you have just received on your associated Email address. Simply copy the security code from the Email inbox and paste it in the Security code field and click on the Continue button to proceed.

enable and use Fortnite 2FA

After entering the correct security code you will be prompted with an Email Authentication Enabled dialog box as shown below. Simply click on the Done button to close the dialog box. Now the next time you log in to the Fortnite account you will be asked to enter the security code that they just sent on your associated Email address.

enable and use Fortnite 2FA

That’s it for enabling Fortnite 2FA through Email Authentication.

Conclusion:

Protecting your account using a two-factor authentication method is essential, as it not only saves you from losing your account from hackers and scammers but also unlocks a few Emotes and glides in the store. We have shown you the different methods from which you secure your Epic Games account. So hope this article has helped you in learning how to enable and use Fortnite 2FA. If you have any confusion, experienced any difficulty following the instructions or you think that we have missed something, please let us know in the comments section below.

read more
ComputersGeneralLatest How toWindows

How to setup the proxy server settings in Windows 10

How to set up the proxy server settings in Windows 10

Do you want to secure your privacy on the internet? Do you want to access the restricted content? Do you want to save more bandwidth of your connection? Or do you want to block malicious internet traffic? Well if you like to have all these things or more then the solution for you is to use a Proxy server. The Proxy server is a gateway that converts your IP address with an anonymous public IP address which allows it to hide your Private IP address from the internet. Hence it is an intermediary between your computer and the internet. Even there are many third-party software and sites that can enable you to use a proxy server but to be on the safe side, Microsoft has provided the Proxy feature in its Windows 10 so, if you’re using Windows 10 then take advantage by configuring its built-in Proxy settings.

The requests you make to access websites and other services will be handled by the proxy server for you. Using the proxy server helps to make your IP address obscure on the internet. It also helps you save internet data usage and also decrease the use of your connections bandwidth because the sites that are requested by you are cached by the proxy server and the next time you request the same site the proxy server serves the content from its cached data.

The proxy server can not only be used to access the blocked site but can also be used to block sites by configuring the proxy server settings, this can help you to stop your employees from accessing social media and other sites during the work hours. These are the main feature that we have discussed but the proxy server is capable of more than just these features. In this article, I will guide you on how to set up the proxy server settings in Windows 10.

How To Use Proxy Server in Windows 10

In the following steps, you will learn how to configure and use different methods of using the Proxy server in your Windows 10. The Windows 10 allows you to use the proxy server for Wi-Fi and Ethernet connection but it will be disabled if you are using VPN (Virtual Private Network).

Open Window settings

Go on and open up the Windows settings, in order to do so, click on the Windows icon located on the taskbar, this will open up the Start menu. From the start menu click on the settings icon as shown above.

Open Network & Internet settings

From the Windows Settings pane, click on the Network & Internet option as highlighted above. This will navigate you to the Network & Internet Settings pane.

Select Proxy option from menu

After Network & Internet settings pane opens up, click on the Proxy option from the far left navigation menu as shown above. This will open up the Proxy settings pane.

Now From the Proxy Settings pane, you can see that there are two methods from which you can set up a proxy server. The first methods allow you an Automatic proxy setup and the other one is a Manual proxy setup.

Setting up a proxy server Automatically:

The Automatic proxy server allows you to manipulate two options in order to set up an automatic proxy in Windows 10.

Automatically detect settings

The first method under the Automatic proxy setup is of “Automatically detect settings” as highlighted above. The Windows 10 has enabled this feature by default, this helps Windows to detect the proxy settings automatically. However, this option may not work on corporate networks as they might have set up their network with personal proxy settings.

Use setup script

The second method is to Use the setup script as highlighted above. By enabling this option you have to enter the script address provided to you by the company or a user who is hosting the script. After entering the script address, Windows will automatically detect its settings. Bear in mind that the Script address is similar to the URL (for example www.proxyserver.net).

After using the setup script option, make sure to type in the Script address and then click on the Save button to apply changes to take place.

Setting up Proxy setup Manually:

Windows 10 allows you to set up proxy configuration manually. To set up proxy manually, all you need is a public IP address and a port number. The IP address and port number can be given to by the company who has set up their personal network or you can also find the public IP addresses and their port number from the internet. In order to set up a proxy in your Windows 10 manually, follow the steps below.

Manual Proxy settings

  1. From the Proxy settings pane, make sure to turn off the “Automatically detect settings” and “Use setup script” options. Now scroll down to the Manual proxy setup phase as highlighted above. Under the Manual proxy setup section, turn on the option of “Use a proxy server” by clicking on its toggle button. After turning on the proxy server, you will be enabled to configure Manual proxy setup as shown above.
  2. Type in the IP address in the Address field and its port number in the Port field.
  3. You can type in the URL of the websites to create an exception over them for the proxy server, through this the proxy server will not run on the specified website entries. You can add multiple websites by separating them through a “;” (semicolon) in the textbox field.
  4. Under the textbox you can see a checkbox for “Don’t use the proxy server for local addresses”, you can check to mark it if you don’t want the local network traffic to go through the proxy server. This allows your proxy server not to connect the local resources unless it is required for your company
  5. Now simply click on the Save button to apply changes to take place.

That’s it! Hope this article has helped you to learn how to set up the proxy server settings in your Windows 10. If you have any confusion or experienced any difficulty following the instructions below, please let us know in the comment section below.

read more
ComputersGeneralLatest How toLinux

How to install WordPress with LAMP Stack on Ubuntu 18.04

Install WordPress on Ubuntu 18.04 with LAMP Stack

WordPress is a popular CMS (Content Management System) that is based on PHP and MySQL and provides the most user-friendly environment to develop and manage websites and blogs. It is used by innumerable internet users, as it is a free and open source platform that includes plugins, templates, and support and is trusted to be one of the fastest Webpage performers out there. On the contrary, LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL & PHP/Python/Perl) is the open source, server-side software that is stacked to provide all the right web service features to create websites and web applications using WordPress on Linux.

WordPress and LAMP stack assimilates together to provide local development and localhost environment, so you can run your Website or blog on a local server to check if the site is running without any errors before you make it live. Installing WordPress can complicated process if you haven’t set up a LAMP stack on Linux server otherwise it just takes 5 to 10 minutes to install WordPress but don’t worry we will not only guide you on how to install WordPress but also guide you on how to set up a LAMP stack on Ubuntu 18.04 using VPS.

Install and Configure LAMP Stack

Log in to your Ubuntu 18.04 VPS server using the all the right SSH details. Run these two commands to make sure your Ubuntu 18.04 software is fully updated and upgraded.

apt-get update apt-get upgrade 

Step 1: Install Apache Web server

Once you logged in your VPS server root, first you have to install Apache web server, in order to do so, type in the following command:

 apt-get install apache2  

After installing Apache2 server, you now need to enable it to start the server automatically, in order to do so type in the following command and hit Enter:

systemctl enable apache2  

Now you can check if the apache server is active or not in order to do so, type in the following command and hit Enter:

 systemctl status apache  

In the following prompt shown above, you can see that the Apache server is active and running. You may need to hit “Q” key to exit service status.

Step 2: Install and configure MySQL server

In this step you have to install MySQL server to create a database for your test site on Ubuntu 18.04 VPS, in order to do so type in the following command and hit enter:

apt-get install mysql-server  

Now in the confirmation message, enter “Y” to accept the installation.

When MySQL is installed, it is not secured with its default settings, you have to make it protected by answering a series of security questions asked after you enter the command given below:

mysql_secure_installation  

These prompts will perform tasks such as setting up a strong root password, removing anonymous users, disallowing remote root access etc. Just go through all the security task and you’ll be done securing MySQL.

Step 3 Create Database for WordPress

After installing MySQL successfully, you have to create Database for your WordPress site using MySQL server. In order to do so, type in following command and hit enter:

mysql –u root –p  

After entering the command, it will ask you to provide with the root password you set up earlier in the secure installation process. Now enter the password to proceed.

After entering MySQL prompt, type in the following commands to create a database for your WordPress site. In this phase, we have created a database named “osstuff_testblog” and for the user access, we have created a new user named “admin” and set a password in StrongPassword while entering commands. Remember to change the fields with your preferred requirements.

mysql > CREATE DATABASE osstuff_testblog;
mysql > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO 'admin_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'StrongPassword';
mysql > FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
mysql > exit;   

Now you have successfully created Database on MySQL server for your WordPress site.

Step 4: Install PHP

Finally, the last step to set up your LAMP stack on your Ubuntu 18.04 VPS. WordPress requires a very minimal set of PHP extensions to communicate it with MySQL server, as PHP can be installed as a whole or only some of its extensions that WordPress requires. To download and install only the required PHP extensions for using WordPress type in the following command and hit enter:

apt install php php-curl php-gd php-mbstring php-xml php-xmlrpc php-soap php-intl php-zip  

Or to install PHP as a whole, type in following command:

apt-get install php libapache2-mod-php  

Press “Y” and hit enter to accept confirmation message. Both commands will work perfectly but it is recommended to install complete PHP in your Ubuntu 18.04 VPS.

After PHP is successfully installed by entering one of the commands, you will see the following output as shown above.

Install and Configure WordPress

Step 1: Download WordPress

After successful installation of the LAMP stack, we can now install WordPress itself to use it locally. To download and install the WordPress on Ubuntu 18.04 VPS, type in the following commands given below:

cd /var/www/html  

The command above will direct you in the default web server root directory.

wget -c http://wordpress.org/latest.zip  

The command above will get and download the latest WordPress installer zip file from the WordPress official website.

unzip latest.zip  

This command above will unzip the latest zip file that has been downloaded in the selected directory.

chown -R www-data:www-data wordpress  

The command above will copy the files of zip folder and paste them in the wordpress folder created in the directory.

rm latest.zip 

The command above will delete the latest zip downloaded in the directory.

Through above commands, you have successfully created a new folder named “wordpress” in the web server root directory and copied all the latest WordPress file in the folder whose directory is now: /var/www/html/wordpress

Step 2: Modify WordPress Configuration File

Remember when you created a database in “Create Database for WordPress” phase while installing MySQL? Now you have to modify the WordPress Configuration file with the information you prescribed while creating the Database. Just type in following commands to modify the WordPress configuration file.

cd /var/www/html/wordpress 

The command above will direct you to the document directory where wordpress folder is located.

mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php  

The command above will move the configuration file to a sample copy.

Now open the WordPress configuration PHP file in a text editor and modify the settings by changing the database_name_here, username_here and password_here with the information you prescribed earlier. Open up a text editor by entering the following command:

nano wp-config.php 

Now change the following information according to your prescribed information, in my case database name was “osstuff_testblog”, the username was admin and password was “anonymous”.

/** The name of the database for WordPress */
define('DB_NAME', 'osstuff_testblog');
 
/** MySQL database username */

define('DB_USER', 'admin');

/** MySQL database password */

define('DB_PASSWORD', 'StrongPassword');

Now simply save and exit the file editor.

Step 3 Create Virtual Host for WordPress

We can create a virtual host file for our domain which will look like (your_domain).com. type in the following command to create the virtual host configuration file: In our case, I will replace your_domain with (Techtalk)

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/your_domain.com.conf 

Now add the below information into the file. “Remember to change (your_domain) to your preferred name where it appears accordingly”.

<VirtualHost *:80> 

ServerAdmin admin@your_domain.com

ServerName your_domain.com

ServerAlias www.your_domain.com

DocumentRoot /var/www/html/wordpress 

<Directory /var/www/html/wordpress>

Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

AllowOverride All

Require all granted

</Directory> 

ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/your_domain.com_error.log

CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/your_domain.com_access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

Now enable the virtual host by entering the following command

ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/your_domain.com.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/your_domain.com.conf 

Now just save changes and restart the Apache server by running following command:

systemctl restart httpd 

Step 4: Configure WordPress

To configure WordPress open Firefox browser by entering the following command shown below:

firefox &amp; 

This will launch up the browser simply type in the name of the virtual host you created in the address bar. http://your_domain.com/

From the above configuration phase, select the language and click on continue button.

Now simply enter the required information for your website as shown above and then click on the Install WordPress button to proceed.

Now simply click on the Run this installation to install WordPress as shown above.

After successful installation, the setup will show you a success message as shown above. Simply click on the Log In button shown above.

Simply add the username and password as shown above and hit the log in button as shown above.

You have now successfully entered the WordPress dashboard for your site after a successful login, you can now customize your site from here using a LAMP stack as shown above.

That’s it! Hope this article has helped you in how to install WordPress using the LAMP stack in your Ubuntu 18.04. If you have any confusion or faced any difficulty following the instructions please let us know in the comments section below.

read more
AndroidApplicationsGeneralLatest How toMobiles

How to use Opera’s free VPN on Android

How to use Opera’s free VPN on your Android Device

The Opera is one of the most used browsers in Android and iOS devices as it provides some nifty features within the app and its desktop application. One of the features that separate Opera from others was its VPN (Virtual Private Network) integrations. But Opera took its allured feature by directing its user towards SurfEasy Total VPN on subscription plans and announced to take off its VPN from the app last year. Seemingly, the subscription plan doesn’t work well for Opera and now they have decided to bring back its VPN integration in the app.

Unfortunately, for now, there is a stipulation which you have to follow in order to use VPN feature in the Opera app. The VPN mode is not yet included in the Opera and Opera Mini apps on the Google Play Store but in its place, you have to download the Beta version of the Opera app. On the contrary, Beta versions are available for both Opera and Opera Mini browsers but the VPN mode is only available in the “Opera browser beta” (not in Opera Mini browser beta) on Android devices. Beta versions are mainly launched for developers and due to continuous updates and features integration the app may crash or may be unstable. However, the Opera browser app is totally free and as easy to use as the stable Opera browser app. So, in this article, I will guide you on How to use Opera’s free VPN on your Android device, just follow these simple steps below.

Download Opera Browser beta:

How to use Opera's free VPN on your Android Device

Go on open up your Google Play Store and Install the Opera browser beta app on your Android device as shown above.

Enable VPN Mode in Opera:

How to use Opera's free VPN on your Android Device

After download and installation are complete, open up the application and from the Home page, tap on Opera’s “O” icon located at the bottom-right corner of the app as shown above. After tapping on the “O” icon, a contextual menu will pop-up. Now, from the menu, tap on the Settings options to open up the Opera’s Settings page for the browser.

After Settings Pane opens up, under user profile and Browser section you can see a list of features having a toggle button alongside each of them. Here you can locate the VPN mode as shown above.

  1. You can either click on the toggle button to enable the VPN on Opera or…
  2. You can click on the VPN itself to open its pane and enable it from there.

How to use Opera's free VPN on your Android Device

After turning ON the toggle button of VPN from the VPN pane as shown above, it will enable you it’s settings below from where you can configure the VPN settings.

The VPN mode allows you to change the IP address (that contains your physical location) to the virtual one, which helps you to improve your privacy and also secure your connection from the Public networks. The Opera VPN mode allows you to track your data usage, has an option to limit VPN only on private tabs, select virtual locations from different regions and bypassing for search engines to detect your location for better search results. Bear in mind that enabling VPN mode will automatically disable the Data savings mode and vice versa.

Conclusion:

That’s it Hope this article has helped you on how to use Opera’s free VPN in your Android device. It is always better to browse the internet using VPN because it keeps us safe from information leaking, tracking, and hacking. If you have any confusion or faced any difficulty following the instructions, please let us know in the comments section below.

read more
ApplicationsGeneralLatest How toWeb

How to Delete Your Facebook Account

How to Delete Your Facebook Account

Are you looking to delete your Facebook account permanently? Deleting Facebook account was a long and tiresome process before but it’s not anymore, as Facebook has simplified the procedure by giving the account deletion option in its settings menu. Most of the Facebook users are moving away from the giant of social media platforms due to their privacy concerns after it was questioned for The Cambridge Analytical case where data of millions of Facebook users was breached. There can be other reasons where you might not find Facebook to be useful or just find it as a waste of time. Well, there can be millions of reasons why you want to quit the largest social media platform and it doesn’t matter what the reason is when you have made up your mind for good.

Facebook allows you to either just deactivate or permanently delete your account, and yes both options have different outcomes. If you deactivate your account, it will keep all your information for you and your friends but will keep you away and uninformed from all the activities happening in the Facebook’s Universe, until you decide to reactivate it back when you think the time is right. On the contrary, permanently deleting your Facebook means all of the information that is kept in your account or is related to you will be gone forever with your account and you cannot reactivate it back. Similarly, all the apps that you used to log in with your Facebook account will also lose all the access and data. So if you want to permanently delete your Facebook account, this article will guide you on how to do it.

So let’s start with the guide…

Deleting Facebook Account

To delete your account for good, go on and log in to your Facebook and just follow the steps given below.

How to Delete Your Facebook Account

From your Facebook home page, click on the overflow arrow icon located on the top right corner of the page as shown above. This will drop down a contextual menu with some options. Simply click on the Settings option as highlighted. This will direct you to Facebook’s Settings page.

How to Delete Your Facebook Account

From Facebook settings page, under the navigation menu pane located at the left side of the page, select the “Your Facebook Information” option as highlighted above. This will open up the “Your Facebook information” setting pane. Now click on the “Delete your account and information” option as highlighted.

How to Delete Your Facebook Account

After clicking on the Delete your account and information option you will be directed to the permanently delete account dialog box as shown above. Facebook, all the way will try to stop you from permanently deleting your account by showing you different methods to not to delete Facebook, just to keep your data intact with them. In the dialog box you can see three different options:

  1. The first option allows you to deactivate your account instead of deleting it permanently. This allows you to keep your information visible and you will also be able to use Messenger whilst deactivated. Selecting this option will ask you to enter your Facebook password then take you to set of options in a dialog box to specify the reason of deactivating your account. You can always return back just by usual log-in.
  2. Facebook allows you to download your information before deleting your account. If you want to save the information on your Facebook which includes almost every interaction you made while using Facebook which mainly includes your messages, photos, posts etc. Clicking on the Download info button will direct you to the information archive page, from where you can customize the information which allows you to select exactly what type of information you want to download by selecting from given options and then create a downloadable file. If you have a lot of information stored then it might take a while to create and download.
  3. Facebook shows you how many pages you were admin for and allows you to edit the page admin settings by clicking on the Edit Admin Settings button just to add an existing user to keep your page live and active for Facebook users, otherwise the page will be deleted for you and for Facebook users if you choose to delete your account without giving admin permissions to any other active user.

How to Delete Your Facebook Account

If you don’t feel like performing any of the above-mentioned options and doesn’t bother any of your concern then just go on and click on the Delete Account button in the Permanently delete account dialog box as highlighted above.

How to Delete Your Facebook Account

After clicking on the Delete Account button, a confirmation box will pop up asking checking if this is really your account by acquiring your password. Just type in your password in the Password text field and then click on the Continue button as highlighted above.

How to Delete Your Facebook Account

After clicking on the Continue button, there will be another confirmation message in which Facebook will inform you that after clicking on the Delete Account button your account will be deactivated but you will still have 30 days to reactivate and cancel the account deletion process if you change your mind interim. Go on, take a deep breath and click on the Delete Account button.

That’s it! Hope this article has helped you know how to delete your Facebook account for good. If you have any confusion or experienced any difficulty following the instructions given above, please let us know in the comment section below.

read more
ComputersGeneralLatest How toLinux

How to Shutdown or Reboot Ubuntu 18.04 using Terminal

How to shutdown or restart Ubuntu 18.04 from terminal by commandline

Most of the popular Operating systems out there allow you to shut down your PC or laptop from different methods. Linux operating systems also allow such ways for a user to safely shutdown, reboot, hibernate or suspend your PC. Before now, you have shut down your PC from very obvious options like through hitting your PC’s power button or using the power button on the desktops toolbar. Linux was manipulated by command line when it first came out for users and once you get used to the commands, it is the easier and safer way to get things done on your PC.

Shutting down or rebooting your PC is important for every operating system for keeping things working as normal. Shutting down your PC through command line is a secure way as it notifies all the logged in users that the system is about to go off. Shutting down your PC in through terminal is customizable, as you can even tell your OS when to trigger the Shutdown option by scheduling it. So in this article, I will guide you on how to shut down or Reboot Ubuntu 18.04 through command lines.

Command for Shutdown in Linux Ubuntu 18.04

The shutdown command in Ubuntu 18.04 can be used for the option given below:

  • Power-Off
  • Reboot
  • Halt

Below is the command syntax that is used in the terminal to shut down and restart Ubuntu 18.04

Shutdown [OPTIONS…] [TIME] [WALL…]

The first argument of [OPTIONS] can be a time string (commonly used as “now”). Usually, after the [OPTIONS] argument, wall message is optionally used to notify the users who are logged in, so that they can safely save the work before the system goes down. For the [TIME] argument this will specify what time the command will be executed for the shutdown of the system. The format that is used is “hh:mm” (hours/minutes) which is recommended to be a 24-hour format. Alternatively, you can use “+m” where “m” indicates minutes, which will refer to the specified number of minutes you want the system to be shut down from now.

For triggering an immediate shutdown of your Linux system you can use “now” in the [TIME] syntax which is an alias for “+0”. Linux as default implies 1 minute if you don’t specify the time in the shutdown command. Keep in mind that for specifying wall message you must declare the time argument. If you imply the time in shutdown command a /run/nologin file will be generated 5 minutes before the system goes down just to make sure that no further users can log in the system.

Using Shutdown Commands in Ubuntu 18.04

The run the shutdown command for Ubuntu 18.04, open up the terminal and follow the commands given below which will guide you how to use them.

To shut down your PC in Ubuntu us safe way, use the command below:

To perform the safest way to shut down your Ubuntu 18.04, type in the following command and hit enter:

$ shutdown

This command will not shut down your Ubuntu instantly when you execute it but will set a minute timer before shutting down so you can save your work in the meantime.

To shut down your PC immediately type in the following command and hit enter:

To perform the instantaneous way to shut down your Ubuntu 18.04, type in the following command and hit enter:

$ shutdown now

To shut down your PC on a dedicated time, type in the following command and hit enter:

$ shutdown hh:mm

Note: Remember the Linux follows the 24 hours format so in hh:mm type in hours in hh and minutes in mm.

To shut down after few minutes or hours, type in the following command and hit enter:

If you want to shut down your Ubuntu after a few minutes or hours, use the following command:

$ shutdown +m

Note: Bear in mind that “m” here indicates minutes. Just replace “m” with the number of minutes you want your Ubuntu to execute the shutdown command.

Use the following command to display a wall message to the users who are logged in to the PC before the system shuts down.

$ shutdown +m “This PC will shut down after 5 minutes”

Using Restart Commands in Ubuntu 18.04

Use the following command to reboot/restart your Ubuntu in a safe way

$ shutdown –r

This command above will not reboot your Ubuntu instantly when you execute it but will set a minute timer before restarting so you can save your work in the meantime.

Use the following command if you want to restart/reboot your PC instantly:

$ shutdown –r now

To schedule the restart for your PC, type in the following command and hit enter:

Use the following command if you want to schedule the time to restart your PC:

$ shutdown –r hh:mm

To restart after few minutes or hours, type in the following command and hit enter:

Use the following command if you want your PC to restart after a few minutes or hours:

$ shutdown –r +m

Note: Remember that “m” here indicates minutes. Just replace “m” with the number of minutes you want your Ubuntu to execute the reboot command.

Use the following command to display a wall message to the users who are logged in to the PC before the system restarts.

$ Shutdown –r +m “Dear users the PC will reboot in 5 Minutes”

Use the options given below to apply the following conditions to the shutdown command.

  • -P (-power-off): this option is like halt, use in shutdown command to Power-off the system (also turns off unit).
  • -r (-reboot): use this option in Shutdown command to reboot the system.
  • -h (-halt): use this option to halt the system after terminating processes.

You can also shut down the using the halt and power-off options using the following command

Following examples shows you how to use power-off and halt options in the shutdown command.

For power-off option in shutdown command, use the following:

$ shutdown –p

For halt option in shutdown command, use the following:

$ shutdown –h

Note: After using the options arguments in the above examples, you can also declare the Time and Wall arguments.

Canceling a Scheduled Shutdown in Ubuntu 18.04

If you have scheduled the time of shut down or restart of your Ubuntu system through shutdown command, you can cancel that scheduled shutdown or reboot by entering the following command before it reaches the time of execution.

$ shutdown –c

The command above will cancel the scheduled shutdown or restart instantly. If the scheduled time in invocated as “+0” or “now” in the shutdown command then you cannot use the above option for canceling the shutdown command.

That’s it! Hope this helped you to know how to shut down or reboot your Ubuntu 18.04 from the terminal by using Shutdown commands. If you have any confusion or experienced any difficulty in following the instructions, please let us know in the comments section below.

read more
ComputersGeneralLatest How toWindows

How to Create a Scheduled Task in Windows 10

How to create scheduled task in Windows 10

Do you ever feel like that some of your daily routine tasks should be started by its own whenever you use your Computer? Well, it will be nice if your computer does some tasks on its own. Microsoft has provided Windows users with the feature of task scheduling, this allows a user to create a particular task for a computer to perform and ask it to execute at your pre-defined time or after a specific time period. The Windows task scheduler has the ability to automate the task you scheduled of any specific application that is assigned.

The Task Scheduler in Windows 10 allows you to run scheduler for maintenance tasks like updates, disk cleanup etc. just like some of the applications utilize the scheduler in Windows 10. You can also use the scheduler to start other applications on the specified time and day, either you want it to be triggered (start) daily, weekly, monthly or even on a specific event. If you use a particular application straight after you turn on your PC and want it to be self-opened then you can use task scheduler to start the particular program at the boot up. So in this article, I will guide you on how to create a scheduled task in Windows 10.

So let’s start with the guide…

Open up Task Scheduler in Windows 10

To open up the task scheduler tool, type in “task scheduler” in the Windows search bar located on the taskbar as shown above. This will open up the Task Scheduler tool.

Create a folder for Tasks

It is always good to keep things organized and that’s why creating a new folder for your tasks can help you locate them easily from the folder and will also keep things in order so they don’t get mixed up.

From the Task Scheduler window, under Console Tree pane, you can see Task Scheduler (Library) folder expanded from Task Scheduler (Local). Right-click on the folder and click on the New Folder. Type in the name for the folder, for example, you can name it “My Tasks” and hit OK to create.

From Console Tree pane, expand the Task Scheduler Library folder and click to select the create folder as highlighted above. Now form the Actions pane, under My Tasks, click on the Create Basic Task… option as highlighted. This will open up a setup wizard of Create Basic Task.

Create Your Task in Wizard

From the Create Basic Task wizard, you can create the most common tasks from the most common settings. In Create a Basic Task phase, Type in Name and its Description for your task as highlighted above. Now click on the Next button to proceed.

Now in the Trigger phase, select from a given list of options of “when do you want your task to start?” All the options are self-explanatory, just select your preferred option and click on the Next button as shown above.

In our case, we wanted to open the Chrome browser daily at 1:00 PM, so in the Daily phase or any other option that you have selected. Apart from the last three option (selecting them will skip you to the next phase), each option will ask you when you want the task to be triggered (start). Set the Start date and time and then simply click on the Next button as shown above.

In the Action phase, select the preferred option of the action you want the task to perform. In most cases it is to Start a program, so select the desired option and then click on the Next button to proceed.

Now in the Start a Program phase, here you have to assign the program/applications .exe directory. In order to do so, click on the Browse… button of the Program/script option as highlighted above.

Now maneuver your way through the folder where the program application’s exe is. Simple select the Application and then click on the Open button as shown above.

Now that the program directory has been selected as shown above, simply click on the Next button to proceed.

In the Finish phase, make sure all the arguments are according to your requirements and then click on the Finish button as highlighted. This will now close the Create Basic Task wizard and add your task schedule in your Windows 10.

Here you can see that in your folder the created task has been added and scheduled to start accordingly as highlighted above.

Delete or Stop the Created Task

You can delete or perform other operations of the created task. Simply click to select the task and then choose the particular option from the list of Selected item pane to perform the operation as highlighted above.

That’s it! Hope this article has helped you on how to create a scheduled task in your Windows 10. If you have any confusion or experienced any difficulty following the instructions above, please let us know in the comments section below.

read more
AndroidApplicationsGeneralLatest How toWeb

How to hide your Instagram Profile from other Users

How to Prevent Other Instagram Users from Finding You

If you are one of those who likes to keep themselves in a circle where there are no such people who are not wanted or you think don’t belong, then you may also want to keep your social media accounts safe from such interlopers. Social media platforms comprehend the privacy of the users and allow them to safeguard themselves by including such options which can be manipulated through the UI (user interface) settings whether its a mobile or web application.

Instagram which is the second most used mobile application after Facebook according to the Statista report claims, is the place where you will find your friends and also those who are not in your list. Social media platforms like Instagram uses an algorithm which allows them to find people through mutual relation and suggest you follow them, similarly, you also come in the suggested list to other users if they are in mutual relation to your friends in the list.

As you join Instagram, you provide it through the information or add it afterward like email, phone number and even links of other social media platforms which allows your friends to find you easily. So if you want it to make hard for your friends to find you then you have to make some changes in the settings and to remove such information included in your account. So, in this article, I will guide you with some tips on how to prevent other Instagram users from finding you.

So let’s start with the guide…

Unlink Your Facebook or Other Social Media Account

Instagram allows you to link your Facebook and other social media accounts and linking your social Facebook on Instagram allows your Facebook friend to know that you have an account on Instagram and makes them easier to find you. To unlink your Facebook account, follow the steps below.

How to Prevent Other Instagram Users from Finding You

  1. Open up your Instagram app and tap on the “three horizontal lines” located at the top right corner as shown above. This will slide out a user’s setting menu.
  2. From the User’s setting menu, tap on the Settings options located at the bottom of the menu as shown highlighted.
  3. Now from the Settings menu, tap on the Account option as highlighted.How to Prevent Other Instagram Users from Finding You
  4. From the Account, tap on the Linked accounts options as highlighted.
  5. Now you can see all the listed social media platforms that you can link your Instagram within the Linked accounts pane as highlighted. If you have linked your Facebook or any other social account with Instagram then you can see the name of an account and a tick mark against the account, as shown above, this indicated that the particular account is linked with Instagram. Simply tap on the Facebook option.
  6. In the Facebook options pane, tap on the Unlink button to remove Facebook account connection as highlighted. This will pop up a warning message asking for your confirmation to unlink? Simply tap unlink.

The above steps will unlink your Facebook account from the Instagram account, if you have any other account connected with Instagram, simply perform the same procedure with them to unlink.

Turn off Contact Synchronization in Instagram

Instagram sync your phone contacts and save them on its server, which helps them to find people that are using Instagram in your contacts and then suggest them and you to connect with each other. To disable Contact sync, follow the steps below.

How to Prevent Other Instagram Users from Finding You

  1. From Instagram Settings pane, tap on the Account option as shown above.
  2. From the Account pane, tap on the Contacts syncing option as highlighted.
  3. In Contacts syncing pane, you can see a toggle (switch) button against the Connect contacts option as highlighted. Simply tap on the button to disable it.

Now you have successfully disabled the Contacts syncing from your Instagram.

Make your Instagram Account Private

When you join Instagram, it by default create your account as a public account, this makes other Instagram users to follow you without your permission through which they can see your shared photos and videos. By making your account private, you are authorized to control if others can follow you or not. In order to make your account private, follow the steps below.

How to Prevent Other Instagram Users from Finding You

  1. From Instagram Settings pane, tap on the Privacy and security option as highlighted above.
  2. From Privacy and security pane, tap on the Account privacy option as highlighted.
  3. In Account privacy pane, you can see a toggle (switch) button against the Private account option as highlighted. Tap on the toggle button to activate your Private account as highlighted.

Now you have successfully made your public Instagram account as private.

Turn Off Instagram Activity status

Instagram Activity status allows your followers and other users you messaged, to see when you were last active on the Instagram app. Disabling this feature will not only you won’t be able to see others activity status neither others can see yours. To turn off Activity status, follow the steps below.

How to Prevent Other Instagram Users from Finding You

  1. From settings pane, tap on the Privacy and security option as shown above.
  2. From Privacy and security pane, click on the Activity Status option as highlighted.
  3. In the Activity status pane, you can see a toggle button against the Show activity status option as highlighted. Tap on the toggle button to disable it.

Now you have successfully disabled your Activity status for other Instagram users.

Remove your Phone Number from Instagram Profile

If you have added your phone number in your Instagram profile then it allows Instagram to find you users that have your phone number in their phone contacts. Removing your phone number will unable Instagram to find you users that have your phone number. Bear in mind that you will not be able to use a two-factor authentication method to sign-in after removing your phone number. To remove a phone number, you must have an email account assigned to your Instagram profile because it needs at least one way to contact you. To remove your phone number, follow the steps below.

How to Prevent Other Instagram Users from Finding You

  1. From User’s profile page, tap on the Edit profile button as highlighted above.
  2. From the Edit Profile pane, tap on the Phone number option located under the Private information section as highlighted.
  3. In Phone number pane, under the “Enter your phone number section”, remove your phone number and simply tap the Next button as highlighted.
  4. Now back to the Edit profile pane, tap on the tick mark located at the top right corner to save changes as highlighted.

This now has successfully removed your phone number form your Instagram profile.

Uncheck Similar Account Suggestion from Web

Similar Account Suggestion option is not included in the Instagram mobile application so instead, you have to disable this option by viewing your Instagram profile through signing into its Web application. Similar Account Suggestion allows other Instagram users to find you if they’re following an account that you are following. To disable this option go on and sign-in your Instagram account on its Web application.

How to Prevent Other Instagram Users from Finding You

When you’re signed in, click on the profile icon located at the top right corner to go to the User’s profile page as shown above. Now in the Edit profile pane, under the Private information section, you can see an option of Similar Account Suggestions as highlighted. Simply uncheck the option by clicking on its checkbox. This will disable the feature and will not further suggest users who follow similar accounts as you do.

That’s it! Hope this article has helped you in how to prevent other Instagram Users from Find you. If you have any confusion following the instructions above or know any other option that would help users from restricting themselves from other users, please share and let us know in the comments section below.

read more
ComputersGeneralLatest How toLinux

How to Install Anaconda on Ubuntu 18.04

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu-18.04

Anaconda is a popular platform commonly used for Data Science development. It uses Python and R as its primary programming languages for the development and is normally used by data scientists and scientific community. Anaconda platform is available as a free and open source distribution for the most standard operating systems such as Linux, Windows and Mac OS X so you can easily develop data science and Machine learning applications.

When installing the IDE (Integrated Development Environment), Anaconda includes all the basic packages and libraries required for the development in Python or R. It is a free package and environment manager which allows the user to utilize its repository which contains more than 1,500 open source packages. Apart from its free distribution, Anaconda is also available in paid enterprise version which is generally used for large-scale data processing, predictive analytics, scientific computing etc. So in this article, I will guide you on how to install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04.

Download Anaconda on Ubuntu 18.04

To install Anaconda on your Linux Machine, you have to download its free distribution from the Anaconda official website. Go on and click on the link: Download Anaconda, this will direct you to the Anaconda distribution page as shown below.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

From the Anaconda Distribution page, scroll down to the Anaconda Installer section as shown above. Click on the Linux tab to select the preferred operating system. Now below Anaconda Linux Installer section, click on 64-bit (x86) Installer if you have a 64-bit Linux installed on your Machine otherwise click on the 32-bit Installer.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

After clicking on the installer, a dialog box will pop up (if you’re using Mozilla Firefox) as shown above, make sure you have selected the Save File option, this will download the installer in the default Downloads folder of your Ubuntu. To start downloading the installer, click OK.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

After successful download, you can check the installer in the Downloads folder as shown above.

Installing Anaconda on Ubuntu

In this article, we have downloaded and used the Anaconda 2018.12 version. Anaconda may have released a new version updated by the time you refer to this guide but don’t worry because the process will remain same for each version.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

To run the Anaconda Installer, open up the Terminal from the Application drawer as shown above.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

After the Terminal launches up you have to open up the Downloads directory through a command line as shown above. In order to do so, after “:~$” type in the following command and hit Enter:

 cd ~/Downloads

Now from the Terminal, you’re in the Downloads directory where the Anaconda installer is downloaded.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

Now to list the installer in the Downloads Folder type the following command as shown above and hit Enter:

ls –lh

This will list the Anaconda3 installer file in the Downloads folder as highlighted.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

Now type in the following command to run the Anaconda installer as shown above:

bash Anaconda3*.sh

Now hit Enter to run the command.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

Now you’ll be Welcomed to the Anaconda setup after running the bash command as highlighted above. Before you wish to start the installation process, you have to agree with its terms and conditions. Now hit Enter to review license agreement.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

In the license agreements phase, simply press Spacebar for several times to reach the end of the License agreement. To accept the terms and conditions type in Yes and hit Enter to continue as highlighted above.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

After you agree to its license terms, now in this phase, enter the directory where you want to install the Anaconda Python as highlighted above. It is recommended to leave the location for the installation to be the default, as this default location is the user’s HOME directory on Ubuntu. You can change the directory by entering the preferred path. Now, to choose it as default, simply press Enter to assign the location.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

After setting the directory, you can see that the installation process has been started as highlighted above. You have to wait few minutes until the installation process is being successfully completed.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

After the installer has successfully installed the Anaconda Python on your Machine, the next prompt will ask you whether you want to include the installed Anaconda Python location to the Path of your Ubuntu 18.04 LTS as highlighted above. Simply type in Yes and hit Enter.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

Now the next prompt will show you that you have successfully installed Anaconda Python on your Ubuntu 18.04 LTS as shown above. After successfully completing the installation, it will ask you to install the code editor Visual Studio Code which is created by Microsoft. It is recommended by Anaconda as it recently teamed up with the Microsoft.

How to Install Anaconda in Ubuntu 18.04

If you prefer the VSCode editor then type in Yes to install it otherwise just type in no and hit Enter if you only want to install Anaconda on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS as shown above. Now simply close the Terminal and open it again to make the changes to become active. Now you are ready to use Anaconda Python and run it on your Ubuntu’s Terminal.

That’s it! Hope this article has helped you on how to install Anaconda in your Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. If you have any confusion or experienced any difficulty in following the instruction given above, please let us know in the comments section below.

read more
ComputersGeneralLatest How toWindows

How to Reset or Clear Data Usage in Windows 10

Reset or Clear Data Usage in Windows 10

Microsoft has made features of Windows 10 more accountable of how the user is working or utilizing it, by which Windows 10, unlike its predecessors has become more effective. Windows 10 tracks the processes of user work and openly keeps its record so that user can ameliorate after checking the record. So speaking of keeping records, Windows 10 track Data usage, which allows it to record all the data is used either through your mobile data network or your home internet network connection. This makes easy for you to check the record of your data usage which might also benefit you to stay under the data limit after knowing which app or system is taking up more data than usual.

Windows 10 calculates the data for the Wi-Fi connections and Ethernet connection separately and show the track record of the last 30 days. It allows you to reset or clear Data usage if you have a limited data plan and want to keep an eye on the data usage for better consumption or you might want to start over the calculation of your monthly data plan. So make sure you’re using the latest version of Windows 10 if you want to reset data usage feature because, in this article, I will guide you on how to reset or clear Data Usage in Windows 10.

So let’s start with the stepwise guide…

Reset or Clear Data Usage

Reset or Clear Data Usage in Windows 10

To Open up Windows settings, click on the Windows Start menu icon located on the taskbar as shown above. Now from the start menu, click on the Settings icon as highlighted.

Reset or Clear Data Usage in Windows 10

After the Windows settings pane launches up, as shown above, click on the Network & Internet option as highlighted. This will open up the Settings pane of Network & Internet.

Reset or Clear Data Usage in Windows 10

From the Network & Settings navigation menu, click on the Data usage option. This will open up the Data usage settings pane from where you can modify its settings as shown above. Now in Data usage settings, under the Overview section, click on View usage per app link as highlighted. This will open up a Usage details pane.

Reset or Clear Data Usage in Windows 10

From Usage details pane, under Show usage form, click on the drop-box and select the Wi-Fi (all networks) from its menu as highlighted above. This will now show you the full usage details of Wi-Fi networks that have been connected with your Windows 10 for the last 30 days.

Reset or Clear Data Usage in Windows 10

Now below the drop-down menu, you can see a Reset usage stats button has been enabled. Go on and click on the button to reset the data usage of your Windows.

Reset or Clear Data Usage in Windows 10

After clicking on the Reset usage stats button, a pop-up box will appear which will ask for your confirmation to Reset usage stats? Simply click on the Reset button to clear all of your current data usage stats for Wi-Fi (all networks) as highlighted above. This will now process and delete all the usage details.

Check If Stats are cleared:

Reset or Clear Data Usage in Windows 10

To check if the Data Usage stats of Wi-Fi (all networks) are cleared and started over again, head back to the Data Usage settings from the Network & Internet Settings pane as shown above. In Data usage settings, under the overview section, you can see the Wi-Fi network you’re connected with is now showing you 0 MB data usage.

That’s it! You can similarly perform the same procedure to reset data usage of your Ethernet network connection. Hope this article helped you to know how to reset or cleat Data Usage in your Windows 10. If you have any confusion or experienced any difficulty following the instructions, please let us know the comments section below.

read more